LEISHMANIASIS COUNTRY PROFILE – PRIORITY COUNTRIES
As part of a WHO-led effort to monitor the progress in the control or elimination of the leishmaniases, national control programmes in
countries where the burden of the disease is high for that particular WHO Region, are providing monthly or annual data on yearly basis.
Previous and latest /media/upload/arxius/country_profiles are therefore posted in this web page for comparative purposes.
The latest version summarizes information collected for 18 and 12 indicators, for visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis respectively, on
epidemiology, control and surveillance, diagnosis and treatment outcome.
The latest version of the national guidelines is also posted if available.
In addition to the 43 new profiles based on routine surveillance data, a further 101 profiles for all endemic countries worldwide are included
containing information based on a literature review and expert opinion for data as of 2008 (maps) and 2010 (number of cases).
Country profiles have been provided by the WHO- Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD).
Uzbekistan is endemic for visceral leishmaniasis and cutaneous leishmaniasis. VL is caused by L. infantum. The disease is zoonotic and domestic dogs and wild canines serve as reservoir hosts, bringing the infection close to humans. Between 1998 and 2016, about 305 VL cases have been reported.
CL and ACL is transmitted by L. major and L. tropica, respectively. About 5812CL cases were reported during the same period. Cases have seen a sharp increase in 2016. Sandfly species prevalent are P. longiductus, P. papatasi and P. sergenti.
DISTRIBUTION OF NEW CASES PER DISEASE FORM (MAPS)