LEISHMANIASIS COUNTRY PROFILE – PRIORITY COUNTRIES

As part of a WHO-led effort to monitor the progress in the control or elimination of the leishmaniases, national control programmes in
countries where the burden of the disease is high for that particular WHO Region, are providing monthly or annual data on yearly basis.
Previous and latest /media/upload/arxius/country_profiles are therefore posted in this web page for comparative purposes.

The latest version summarizes information collected for 18 and 12 indicators, for visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis respectively, on
epidemiology, control and surveillance, diagnosis and treatment outcome.

The latest version of the national guidelines is also posted if available.

In addition to the 43 new profiles based on routine surveillance data, a further 101 profiles for all endemic countries worldwide are included
containing information based on a literature review and expert opinion for data as of 2008 (maps) and 2010 (number of cases).

Country profiles have been provided by the WHO- Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD).

 

Uganda is endemic for VL.

VL is considered to be endemic in the Karamoja subregion of Amudat district, an area of semi-arid steppe (north-eastern Uganda). The real burden of the disease and its geographical spread remain unknown. Identified risk factors for contracting VL include sitting on termite mounds, treating livestock with insecticides and having a low socioeconomic status. Owning a mosquito bednet is associated with a reduced risk of contracting the disease. CL has been reported for several years. Today, it probably occurs in the foothills of Mount Elgon, but this needs confirmation. The disease is caused by L. aethiopica (Mulago hospital report; Uganda Ministry of Health). A case of CL due to L. donovani, in an HIV coinfected patient living in the Ssese Islands in Lake Victoria, has also been reported.


AVAILABLE

New 2021

New 2020

New 2019

2018

2017

2016

2015

2014

2008


DISTRIBUTION OF NEW CASES PER DISEASE FORM (MAPS)


NATIONAL GUIDELINES

Uzbekistan is endemic for visceral leishmaniasis and cutaneous leishmaniasis. VL is caused by L. infantum. The disease is zoonotic and domestic dogs and wild canines serve as reservoir hosts, bringing the infection close to humans. Between 1998 and 2016, about 305 VL cases have been reported.

CL and ACL is transmitted by L. major and L. tropica, respectively. About 5812CL cases were reported during the same period. Cases have seen a sharp increase in 2016. Sandfly species prevalent are P. longiductus, P. papatasi and P. sergenti.


AVAILABLE

2016


DISTRIBUTION OF NEW CASES PER DISEASE FORM (MAPS)


NATIONAL GUIDELINES