LEISHMANIASIS COUNTRY PROFILE – PRIORITY COUNTRIES
As part of a WHO-led effort to monitor the progress in the control or elimination of the leishmaniases, national control programmes in
countries where the burden of the disease is high for that particular WHO Region, are providing monthly or annual data on yearly basis.
Previous and latest /media/upload/arxius/country_profiles are therefore posted in this web page for comparative purposes.
The latest version summarizes information collected for 18 and 12 indicators, for visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis respectively, on
epidemiology, control and surveillance, diagnosis and treatment outcome.
The latest version of the national guidelines is also posted if available.
In addition to the 43 new profiles based on routine surveillance data, a further 101 profiles for all endemic countries worldwide are included
containing information based on a literature review and expert opinion for data as of 2008 (maps) and 2010 (number of cases).
Country profiles have been provided by the WHO- Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD).
Nicaragua is endemic for visceral, cutaneous and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis.
Cutaneous and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis is caused by L. braziliensis and L. panamensis and the proven vectors are Lu. panamensis, Lu. trapidoi, Lu. ylephiletor and L. cruciate. It is one of the 10 high endemic countries sharing up to 90% of CL in the world. Between 2001 and 2016, a total of 50,829 cases have been reported.
Cutaneous nodular lesions and visceral leishmaniasis are caused by L. infantum with domestic dog as the reservoir host and the vectors know are Lu. longipalpis and Lu. evansi.
DISTRIBUTION OF NEW CASES PER DISEASE FORM (MAPS)