LEISHMANIASIS COUNTRY PROFILE – PRIORITY COUNTRIES
As part of a WHO-led effort to monitor the progress in the control or elimination of the leishmaniases, national control programmes in
countries where the burden of the disease is high for that particular WHO Region, are providing monthly or annual data on yearly basis.
Previous and latest /media/upload/arxius/country_profiles are therefore posted in this web page for comparative purposes.
The latest version summarizes information collected for 18 and 12 indicators, for visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis respectively, on
epidemiology, control and surveillance, diagnosis and treatment outcome.
The latest version of the national guidelines is also posted if available.
In addition to the 43 new profiles based on routine surveillance data, a further 101 profiles for all endemic countries worldwide are included
containing information based on a literature review and expert opinion for data as of 2008 (maps) and 2010 (number of cases).
Country profiles have been provided by the WHO- Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD).
Morocco is endemic for ACL, CL, VL and ZCL.
CL due to L. tropica is considered a major public health threat. It is distributed throughout Morocco in a band stretching from the Atlantic Ocean along the length of the Atlas Mountains almost to the Mediterranean Sea, where it is considered epidemic in suburban areas. Occasional cases of CL caused by L. infantum occur in the north of the country.
CL caused by L. major has been reported since 1914 and has become epidemic since 1976. It occurs in the south and south-east of the Atlas mountains, and seems to have moved in waves from west to east over several years.
VL is endemic in the Rift and pre-Rift mountains.
DISTRIBUTION OF NEW CASES PER DISEASE FORM (MAPS)