LEISHMANIASIS COUNTRY PROFILE – PRIORITY COUNTRIES
As part of a WHO-led effort to monitor the progress in the control or elimination of the leishmaniases, national control programmes in
countries where the burden of the disease is high for that particular WHO Region, are providing monthly or annual data on yearly basis.
Previous and latest /media/upload/arxius/country_profiles are therefore posted in this web page for comparative purposes.
The latest version summarizes information collected for 18 and 12 indicators, for visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis respectively, on
epidemiology, control and surveillance, diagnosis and treatment outcome.
The latest version of the national guidelines is also posted if available.
In addition to the 43 new profiles based on routine surveillance data, a further 101 profiles for all endemic countries worldwide are included
containing information based on a literature review and expert opinion for data as of 2008 (maps) and 2010 (number of cases).
Country profiles have been provided by the WHO- Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD).
Kenya is endemic for CL, MCL and VL, and has cases of PKDL.
The Baringo and Pokot areas are highly endemic, which affects the very poor tribal nomadic population.
CL caused by L. aethiopica is well known in the mountainous regions, such as Mount EIgon, and in the Rift valley escarpments. The extension of farming and grazing in the region has increased the risk of cases occurring because farmers and shepherds tend to sleep in caves where the vector is present. CL caused by L. major is seen in the lowlands of Baringo district. Both CL and VL mainly affect children and young adults.
VL transmission is believed to be mainly anthroponotic.
DISTRIBUTION OF NEW CASES PER DISEASE FORM (MAPS)